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Multilevel redundancy allocation using two dimensional arrays encoding and hybrid genetic algorithm
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Update time: 2014-03-27
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Pan He , Kaigui Wu , Jie Xu, Junhao Wen , Zhuo Jiang

Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing, China

College of Computer Science, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China

School of Computing, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

School of Software Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China

Abstract

With the popularity of multilevel design in large scale systems, reliability redundancy allocation on multilevel systems is becoming attractive to researchers. Multilevel redundancy allocation problem (MLRAP) is not only NP-hard, but also qualifies as hierarchy optimization problem. Exact method could not tackle MLRAP very well, so heuristic and meta-heuristic methods are often used to solve it. To improve the effectiveness of current algorithms on MLRAP, this paper proposes a hybrid genetic algorithm (HGA) based on the two dimensional redundancy encoding mechanism. Instead of hierarchical genotype representation, a two dimensional array is used to represent the solutions to MLRAP. Each row of the array contains the redundancy information of a certain unit in the system and each element in one row stands for the redundancy value of one element of that unit. The number of rows of this array is fixed and equals to the number of distinct units in the system. Each row of the array is an unfixed-length vector whose length depends on the redundancy of all elements of its parent unit. On top of this two dimensional arrays, a local search operator employing simulated annealing strategy is used to generate new population for the next generation instead of the traditional genetic operators. Experimental results have shown that our two dimensional arrays based HGA outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches using two kinds of multilevel system structure

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